Thorndale Farm
Thorndale Farm LLC
652 N. Buckton Rd
Middletown, VA 22645
(231) 392-9350

Civil War Trails Marker
Battle of Cedar Creek - Union Left Flank


On and around Thorndale Farm on the morning of October 19, 1864, Union Gen. Wesley Merritt's First Cavalry Division occupied the Federal left flank during the Battle of Cedar Creek.


Thorndale played a role in the afternoon Federal counterattack, which won the day in a stunning reversal of the morning’s Confederate surprise attack. On the morning of the battle, the Confederate advance was contained around 10:00 a.m., and a stabilized line of Federal forces was formed east to west on both sides of the old Valley Turnpike (US Rte. 11) north of Middletown and north of 
US Highway I-81 Middletown exit Exit 302.

On the east side of the Valley Turnpike and straddling the present I-81 were several cavalry brigades under the command of General Wesley Merritt. The Union left flank was at Thorndale Farm and its surrounding area with brigades under the command of Brig. Gen. Thomas C. Devin, Col. James H. Kidd, Col. Alpheus S. Moore, and particularly Col. Charles R. Lowell, Jr., commanding the reserve brigade. They were also supported by artillery batteries at the western side of the farm. Facing them south of Thorndale, generally along Reliance Road’s historical location, were the Confederate lines under the command of Brig. Gen. Gabriel C. Wharton. There the Confederate forces awaited a possible Union counterattack. At approximately 4:00 p.m., the counterattack began lead by Col. Charles R. Lowell, Jr. Lowell, seriously wounded that morning, remained in the field and was mortally wounded during the counterattack. He died the next morning.



In September of 2014, Thorndale Farm purchased a Civil War Trails Marker through the
 Civil War Trails program to commemorate the action that took place on the property. On October 19, 2014, 150 years to the day, the marker was dedicated.
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